• October 3, 2022

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What can someone do with my IP address? | NordVPN

What can someone do with my IP address? | NordVPN

There are dangers to someone knowing your IP address, but they’re rarely discussed. Criminals can use your IP to launch various cyberattacks and scams against you and others. Before we begin, however, let’s start with finding out what your personal IP address is: What is my IP? By the end of this post, you’ll know what to protect yourself against and discover ways to hide your IP address. Pretty can someone find my IP address? Your IP address is a unique string of numbers assigned to you by your ISP – like a delivery address for online traffic. If you connect to a different Wi-Fi or move house, your IP address will change along with your ISPs use dynamic IP addresses, which aren’t fixed to your device, but you can have a static IP if you wish to (you can learn more about different types of IP addresses here). For example, if you want your computer IP address to always stay the same, you’ll be able to specify that through the device’s settings. This can be useful when port-forwarding, if you want certain data to be sent directly from your router to your computer IP your IP address holds certain information about you, someone may want to use it for malicious purposes. There plenty of ways people can get hold of your IP address. Here are just a few:If you torrent files. When you download content from torrent sites, every member of the swarm (total seeders and leechers) can see your IP address. All they need to do is check the list of borrowing your device. If somebody borrows or uses your computer, they can find out what your IP address is in seconds, as there are countless free websites that let you do an email. If you send an email to someone, they can check the header of the message, which could contain your IP address. Yahoo! and Microsoft Outlook are known to include IP addresses in the email icking on a link. Any link you click on will need to provide your iP address for the server at the other end to deliver the content provided by the link. Whoever owns that server will see your IP a VPN hide my IP address? Yes, it does. A VPN completely hides your IP address and encrypts your internet connection. Even better, a VPN prevents third parties like your ISP from eavesdropping on your data. Your online activity cannot be traced back to you, giving you a powerful layer of rdVPN has more than 5500 servers in 59 countries, providing you with the best speeds available. With one NordVPN account, you can protect up to six different devices: smartphones, tablets, laptops, and more. You can also install it on your router and secure gadgets that don’t support VPN functionality can jump from one server to another in seconds, changing your IP address and masking your location. Protect your online privacy out NordVPN on the latest cyber news and tipsWhat can people do with your IP? While your IP address won’t give away sensitive information like your phone number or apartment position, hackers can still use your IP against you. If a cybercriminal knows your IP address, the consequences can be devastating:Someone can get your location and intrude on your privacy in real lifeYour IP address shows what city you’re in, so if someone ill-intentioned finds it out, you could be in trouble. Let’s say you’ve announced that you’re going on holiday on your social media. A criminal only needs to do a little extra digging to find your house and burgle it while you’re meone can use your IP to hack your deviceThe internet uses ports as well as your IP address to connect. There are thousands of ports for every IP address, and a hacker who has your IP can try all of those ports to brute-force a connection, taking over your phone for example and stealing your a criminal does get access to your device, they could also install malware on it, which could expose your meone can impersonate you to get hold of your IP addressYour ISP could reveal your IP address to someone else. Criminals who know your name on social media can contact your ISP and try to impersonate you or use a vishing attack to steal your personal details. Remember that telecom operators are only humans who use systems with vast amounts of personally identifiable information. Employers can track your activityIPs are owned by ISPs, and each IP is assigned to a user. When you’re connected to your work network your employers could potentially see and track everything you do online – giving you hardly any privacy at all. A hacker can hit you with a DDoS attackIf a hacker has your IP address, they could harm you with a DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack. A DDoS attack uses an army of computers controlled by a hacker to flood your device with traffic so it disconnects from the internet and completely shuts bercriminals can frame you for illegal activityHackers are known to use hacked IP addresses to download illegal content that threatens national security as well as anything else they don’t want traced back to them. Protect your IP address, and you will protect do I stop someone from using my IP address? You should always protect any personally identifiable information even if you think the risks do not apply to you. With enough determination, a bad actor can stitch together an entire identity just by going online, and your IP could be the starting are three ways to protect your IP address and prevent yourself from being exploited by hackers: Change your privacy settingsChange the settings on all your instant messaging as well as any other apps to “private” and don’t accept calls or messages from people you don’t know. Hackers are known to gain access to your IP address through messaging apps like Skype. Update your firewall and routerA criminal can hack your router remotely and retrieve your IP address, especially if you’re still using the default one. Change the password of your router regularly and be sure to use a long mix of upper and lower case letters, numbers, and special characters. Use a VPNA VPN will protect your IP address and your private information. By routing your online data through a VPN server with its own IP address, you can prevent websites from logging information about your device and location. While you might be principally interested in VPNs for their IP-switching functionality, they also come with a range of additional other benefits can a VPN offer? A VPN will establish an encrypted tunnel between your device and a VPN server. That means that no one can spy on your data as it moves from your device to the server — not even your internet service provider (ISP) has never been more valuable. Your ISP can monitor your activity and sell that information to advertisers and other third parties. Hackers can steal your passwords and use your private details to launch phishing attacks. It’s vital that you protect your rdVPN provides a number of extra features that you might find particularly useful. Our CyberSec system will enhance your protection against malware by shielding you from high-risk websites and other known threats. When Kill Switch is enabled, you can avoid any unexpected data exposure. And with the NordLynx protocol, you can enjoy unrivaled speeds, without compromising on out NordVPN on the latest cyber news and tips
Zen Bahar
Verified author
Zen likes to use her cybersecurity knowledge to help protect the privacy and freedom of others, otherwise, you can find her playing with paints in her studio in London.
Is DDoSing Illegal? | UpGuard

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Is DDoSing Illegal? | UpGuard

You’re woken by your phone erupting with notifications. You drowsily reach for it and find a barrage of messages from frustrated clients complaining about your try to load your website but you’re met with a frightful “service unavailable” could be a victim of a DDoS is a DDoS attack? A Distributed Denial of Service attack (DDoS attack) is the process of sending an overwhelming amount of data requests to a web server with the intention of impeding its performance. This disturbance could cause the web server to slow down or completely DDoSing Illegal? Whether your seeking vengeance for poor customer service or you just want to play a practical joke on a friend, launching a DDoS attack against another person or business is DDoSing Illegal in the U. S? DDoSing is an Illegal cybercrime in the United States. A DDoS attack could be classified as a federal criminal offense under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA). The use of booter services and stressers also violates this you’re found guilty of causing intentional harm to a computer or server in a DDoS attack, you could be charged with a prison sentence of up to 10 you believe you are a victim of a DDoS attack you should seek legal advice as soon as Does a DDoS Attack Work? A DDoS attack is a coordinated attack between multiple computers and internet of things (IoT) devices. These devices are infected with malware so that they can be controlled by cyber more infected devices (bots) an attacker recruits, the more powerful the assault. When these bots are linked together the malicious network is known as a botnet. A botnet is comprised of multiple compromised devicesWhen a DDoS attack is initiated, each bot sends consistent traffic requests to the host IP address. This flood of requests overwhelms the web server forcing it to deny entry (or deny service) to legitimate website ‘s a fascinating visualization of a DDoS attack in action:‍‍DDoS attacks are not always launched for extortion purposes, like ransomware. They’re usually intended to solely cause disruption and send a message of hatred. They can be launched either by an individual or a group of motivation behind a DDoS attack ranges from personal vendettas to political activism. Some attacks are launched by hacktivist groups, such as the ubiquitous group Types of DDoS Attacks There are many variations of DDoS attacks. Some are simplistic and fairly easy to mitigate, others are deeply complex. To maximize damage and frustration, attackers sometimes use a variation of DDoS attacks in a single event. Here are three common types of DDoS attacks. ​1. Volumetric attacksThis is the most common type of DDoS attack. The attacker floods a web server with data packets to completely saturate its bandwidth. This prevents real visitors from loading a victim’s website. DNS amplification is a type of volumetric attack where amplified data requests are made to open DNS servers and the resulting response traffic aimed at victims. 2. Application attacksIn an application attack, the very top layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) model is targeted, layer 7. Because application attacks are focused on just the top layer, they require less bandwidth saturation to execute a successful DDoS application attacks target the path of common internet requests, such as HTTP, these attacks could request millions of downloads per second or millions of page refreshes per second. The effect is a rapid consumption of server resources. 3. Protocol attacksThis particular cyber attack target levels 3 and 4 of the OSI model. It aims to deplete server resources for firewalls and load example of a protocol attack is a SYN flood attack. A SYN flood attack exploits the standard 3-way handshake of a TCP/IP transaction. The three-phase of this transaction are as follows:SYN – the host receives a message to initiate the transactionSYN/ACK – confirms the request for informationACK – server closes the a SYN flood attack, the server sends an ACK message to a spoof IP address that doesn’t respond, preventing the handshake loop from closing. Because the server is forced to wait for multiple ACK responses that never arrive, its resources are ‘s the Difference Between a DoS Attack and a DDoS Attack? A DoS attack is executed by a single computer whereas a DDoS attack is executed by a network of compromised devices. The cumulative effect of DDoS attacks makes them substantially more destructive to web servers. Difference between a DoS and DDoS attackDDoS attacks are severely detrimental to an online business because they completely stop the flow of traffic or slow a website down to the point of it being unusable. In both scenarios, a website’s income generation engine will grind to a owners need to, therefore, learn how to identify when a DDoS attack is taking place and understand the correct remediation to Identify When a DDoS Attack is HappeningThere are a couple of signs that may be evidence of a DDoS attack taking place. These signs alone are not enough to conclude an attack is taking place, but they should encourage further investigation. 1. Your website is loading very slowlyBecause DDoS attacks deplete the resources of web servers, a website under attack will process information very slowly if it can still be loaded. You can test your site speed for free using Google’s page speed insights tool. You should have a benchmark site speed value to measure ensure there isn’t an issue with your internet connection, you should try to load other websites too. You receive a 503 service unavailable error If you see a ‘503 service unavailable error’ when you try to load any of your webpages, but other websites load perfectly, there’s a high chance you’re a victim of a DDoS attack. The 503 service unavailable error means that a web server is incapable of processing a load request. Keep in mind that this error could also mean that a server is temporarily down for maintenance. A 503 error should definitely warrant further investigation. If you don’t have access to your server logs, you should contact your ISP to check the status of your server. If you do have access to your web server, you can identify a DDoS attack from access entifying a DDoS Attack from the Command Line Interface (CLI)Through your web server’s Command Line Interface (CLI) you can generate a log of all the active connections to your can generate a list of the IP addresses connected to your server ports with the following command prompt:netstat -anHere’s an example output:Healthy web server log example – source: mDuring a DDoS attack, you will notice multiple instances of the same IP address connected to one server port, timing out the ‘s an example of such an instance:Example of web server log during DDoS attack – source: can narrow your filter to only list HTTP requests for your website on port 80. This will help you identify multiple connections from a single IP address. To do this use the following command:netstat -an | grep:80 | sortTo list the number of connections by IP address to port 80 (HTTP traffic), use the following command:netstat -plan|grep:80|awk {‘print $5’}|cut -d: -f 1|sort|uniq -c|sort -nk 1You should also analyze IP address connections on the port running all encrypted traffic (HTTPS), port tstat -an | grep:443 | sortAnd list the number of connections by IP address to this encryption port as follows:netstat -plan|grep:443|awk {‘print $5’}|cut -d: -f 1|sort|uniq -c|sort -nk 1To see how many times each IP address connects to your server, use the following command line:netstat -ntu | awk ‘{print $5}’ | cut -d: -f1 | sort | uniq -c | sort -nDuring a DDoS attack, your server may receive thousands of connection requests from a single IP address, so look for unusually high server requests. In 2014, CCTV cameras infected with malware were used to launch a DDoS attack peaking at 20, 000 requests per second (RPS). Similarly, in 2016 a devastating Mirai-based DDoS attack was launched against Dyn, a DNS service company. The attackers used Wi-Fi cameras in their botnet to implement the attack. The attack resulted in internet outages throughout most of the east most effectively identify a DDoS attack from your server logs, you need to have a server connection activity baseline to measure against. This will help you identify and resolve an attack as soon as possible instead of waiting to see how the data to Do During a DDoS AttackIf you don’t have immediate access to your web server, you should contact your internet service provider as soon as possible. Once the attack has been resolved, they may provide you with a new IP address. To save you time (and stress) during a DDoS attack, preemptively call your internet service provider to note down the direct number to call when one is taking place. Like all cybersecurity threats, a speedy response is you do have access to your server, you should clear your logs ASAP. Because the aim of DDoS attack is to deplete as many of your web resources as possible, your web server could fail catastrophically under the immense data load. Make sure you are only clearing log data you do not you can identify suspicious IP addresses during a DDoS attack, you should blacklist them and monitor the progression of the attack. If the severity is decreases or the IP addresses attempt to connect again, they’re likely from innocent visitors. DDoS attackers tend to modify the IP addresses of their botnets in response to being to Prevent DDoS Attacks DDoS attackers are continuously evolving their strategies to bypass mitigation solutions. Their methods continue to grow in complexity and severity. To give your business the highest chances of fending off a DDoS attack you need to implement several cybersecurity defense layers. Increase the bandwidth of your web serverWith a broader resource bandwidth, your server could possibly bear the burden of a DDoS attack while keeping your website functioning. In-house server hardware does not give you the option of efficiently expanding your bandwidth to meet increased demand. This limitation makes on-premise hardware vulnerable to failure during a DDoS might want to consider switching to a secure cloud-based web server. Advanced Cloud-based web servers let you expand your bandwidth very efficiently. They also offer a bandwidth tolerance to absorb DDoS attacks before your resources are cloud-based servers have a dedicated security team continuously monitoring your website for DDoS attacks. Blacklist suspicious IP addressesIf you identify suspicious IP addresses accessing your website you should blacklist them. This would require you to continuously monitor your access logs for unusual activity. Just make sure you’re not too trigger happy, you don’t want to blacklist innocent prospective customers. Implement multiple firewalls with packet filtersMultiple firewall layers are a very effective DDoS protection solution. In a double firewall setup, traffic needs to pass through two screening routers and a Bastion host before entering your internal first filter identifies and removes spoofed source IP packets. Spoofed packets are identified when their hop count values differ from the original source IP second filter has stricter entry conditions. It uses a Router Path Analysis (R-PA) method to analyze the path names of the entering data packets. Spoofed IP packets can be readily identified by their path name values and FIrewall DDoS DefenceCan a VPN Defend Against DDoS Attacks? A VPN cannot protect you from a DDoS attack if the attacker knows your real IP address. If you think a potential attacker knows your IP address, you should change it to reap the cybersecurity benefits of your your internet service provider offers you a dynamic IP address, resetting your router will modify your IP address. Otherwise, you will need to contact your ISP to have it manually Your Business at Risk of a Data Breach? At UpGuard, we can protect your business from data breaches, identify all of your data leaks, and help you continuously monitor the security posture of all your your risk of suffering a data breach, CLICK HERE to get your FREE security rating now!
How to Trace a DDoS Attack? - Cloudbric

How to Trace a DDoS Attack? – Cloudbric

Can you really track a DDoS attack? Would you be able to find who’s behind the attack? Who’s DDoSing you?
The first “D” in the compound word “DDoS” is the big problem. Tracking a “Distributed” attack coming from thousands of infected machines turned into bots is no easy task. But using a detective’s most popular tools, like back-engineering, mitigation, and forensics, could give you the upper hand.
Remember: DDoS attacks only lead to destruction. Mitigate and control first, and only then trace the attack.
1. Understanding the New Breed of DDoS Attacks
Traditionally DDoS-ers didn’t gain anything other than power and control out of bringing down the service of a site with a DDoS attack. A DDoS is not as lucrative as other types of easier cyber crimes like phishing, spamming, ransomware, cryptojacking, etc.
But now, the whole purpose of DDoSing has changed. Now DDoS attackers are using the effectiveness of a DDoS for other lucrative methods, like:
Ransom. DDoS is being used as a threat for ransom in modern DDoS Extortion campaigns.
Used as a smokescreen: DDoS can be used to distract IT personnel from a targeted and severe attack, like a data breach. DDoS-ers may only launch a DDoS to install backdoors (via Trojans or Malware) to gain complete control.
DDoSers install backdoors in compromised servers to later command and control.
The new breed of DDoS is also becoming stealthier and harder to trace. DDoS attackers build and control botnets with techniques like onion routing, P2P, and obfuscation. They attempt to create larger smoke screens that conceal their identities and anonymize their cyberattacks.
2. To Uncover a DDoS Attack, Reverse-Engineer it!
To know how to trace a DDoS attack and identify who is DDoS-ing you, let’s see who is involved in the attack’s architecture. We’ll deconstruct the attack and attempt to reveal its architecture, strategies, actors, or additional “criminal” knowledge.
The anatomy of any DDoS is Attacker > Botnet > Victim.
Who’s the Botnet? — Bots are global infected machines turned into “zombies” that follow instructions. A botnet is the network of bots. Without a botnet, the attack is just a DoS, which is weak, much easier to stop, and can be traced back.
But adding a botnet into the mix steps up the attack’s efficiency and power, plus it hides the source. Although it is possible to identify the source IP of these bots — most of the time, it leads nowhere. These IPs are often traced back to malware-infected machines owned by clueless and innocent people.
How DDoS-ers control Botnets? — Via the Client-server or P2P method.
a. Centralized Botnets: Client/Server.
The DDoSer has an entire army of bots at its disposal. The attacker may control bots using the server/client method. But the attacker stays outside of this equation; it just steps in to set instructions in the central handler (or handlers), which act like proxies. These bots (clients) connect to a handler’s resource like IRC or web domain (HTTP) to get the new instructions.
The problem for DDoS-ers with this approach is that it creates a single-point-of-failure. If the command and control (handler) gets identified, a big portion (or whole) of the army can be traced and shut down.
b. Distributed Botnets: The P2P method.
Botnet malware developers identified the single-point-of-failure with the server-client method, so they decided to decentralize command. The Peer to Peer (P2P) communication method used in file sharing and torrents makes everybody a client and server— in other words, a bot and command and control server. With P2P, botnets are even more challenging to trace.
P2P bots use digital signatures to prevent anybody within the P2P network from gaining control over the botnet. Only one with the private key can control the botnet. Examples of P2P botnets are Gameover ZeuS and ZeroAccess botnet.
3. When Botnets are Hired.
The DDoS scene changes, when botnets are hired.
Back in 2016, the botnet Mirai, with close to 400, 000 bots, took down the most popular sites on the Internet. A couple of months afterwards, the botnet was offered as a service. Now, a simple search on the dark web can lead you into hundreds of these types of DDoS booters and Botnets-as-a-Service criminal offerings.
Advanced DDoS booters offer a front–end service (HTTP) to hire using untraceable cryptocurrency. The same frontend is used to send instructions to an entire army of bots. These services own their bots or often use banks (Bot services like Zeus and Vertix).
Their back-end service is the one that controls the bots and initiates an attack. These back-end servers (handlers) are usually unregistered (hijacked IPs) or hacked servers. These criminals hijack IPs and change BGP prefixes to reroute traffic. So, it becomes near impossible to trace back these servers to a specific name or company.
How to Trace a DDoS Attack?
Below are the necessary steps to act upon a DDoS attack.
a. First, get everything back on track and then hunt them down!
During the first few minutes of a DDoS attack, nobody wants to find the criminal; they only want to get back on their feet. Their priority is (and should be) to mitigate the attack. If the traffic looks suspicious, move upstream to your local ISP and get them to stop that particular traffic — before it goes downstream to your server.
For websites and web applications, ISPs wouldn’t be able to do much. A most effective way to prevent DDoS or to lessen its intensity is to redirect traffic to a CDN (Content Delivery Network) and use a web application protection service. An AI deep learning WAF like SWAP is capable of taking all traffic in and recognizing web attack patterns. With a WAF behind a CDN, large-scale suspicious DDoS traffic loses power and is entirely filtered by the intelligent WAF.
b. Tracing Bots and Controllers.
“I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered” — A passage from the Bible and also quoted by Robert Greene, from the 48 Laws of Power.
Tracing back a botnet can take a tremendous amount of energy, which is out of the question when the service is down. The best approach is to find the source of trouble coming from a single and powerful individual – The DDoS-er.
But how do we do that? If the DDoS-er is hidden behind its army of bots?
We could always “IP traceback” particular packets (or sequences of packets) coming in. We could:
Trace bot’s IPs and operating system
Track their geolocation (it could be anywhere in the world)
Identity their backbone network providers
Contact them and make them stop
Tracing one or two bots with IP traceback methods is feasible; tracking an entire botnet with 30, 000 infected bots is not.
As mentioned before, DDoS-ers use one or more controllers or proxies to hide behind the botnet. Attackers only use their machines to send encrypted (or obfuscated) messages to these controllers. Going after these controllers can be far more challenging but also far more efficient.
Breaking down encrypted or obfuscated messages to trace these controllers is beyond the scope of this article.
c. Forensics will help.
Forensics uses trace evidence to attempt to reconstruct an attack from beginning to end. Going as deep as possible into the affected network or server will give forensics valuable evidence.
But determining the source of DDoS is not an easy thing to do. Most DDoS-ers are masters at hiding and creating smokescreens to protect their true identity, but they are no Gods— they do make mistakes.
Try gathering the following intelligence:
Understanding their motivation can help build a criminal profile: Is the attacker after power, control, or money?
Was the attacker only trying to open a backdoor or steal data?
Did they use a DDoS Booter or a Botnet as a Service? Maybe someone internally made a DNS request to one of these services?
DDoS-ers need resources (and lots of them); where do you think they are getting it from?
Can you follow a payment trail?
Can you tell whether they are using Low Orbit Ion Cannon (LOIC), hping, or similar stress testing tools?
Final Words.
Preventing a DDoS attack is sometimes the best way to fight against these nasty attacks. But doing it without any DDoS mitigation strategy can be challenging.
You might be able to stop an attack (temporarily) if you play by their rules, like paying a ransom. But if they see you as an easy to comply target, they are likely to continue throwing DDoS attacks. Some attacks won’t stop unless you find the source and counterattack.
Stay ahead and start your DDoS protection strategy today. Try SWAP’s AI-based web application protection and claim your free trial!

Frequently Asked Questions about ddos peoples ip

Can you DDoS someone with their IP?

If a hacker has your IP address, they could harm you with a DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service) attack. A DDoS attack uses an army of computers controlled by a hacker to flood your device with traffic so it disconnects from the internet and completely shuts down.7 days ago

Is DDoSing a friend illegal?

DDoSing is an Illegal cybercrime in the United States. A DDoS attack could be classified as a federal criminal offense under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act (CFAA). The use of booter services and stressers also violates this act.Sep 14, 2021

Is IP stressing illegal?

An IP stresser is a tool designed to test a network or server for robustness. … Running it against someone else’s network or server, resulting in denial-of-service to their legitimate users, is illegal in most countries.

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